The understanding and skills of laboratory science technicians and other professionals who work in a variety of places and scientific disciplines contribute to find solutions to many scientific challenges society faces. The knowledge, understanding and skills of laboratory technicians contribute to the success or failure of organisation in which they work. Laboratory technicians and other scientists need to have a good understanding of specialist laboratories and each laboratory has individual requirements and generic procedures and practices. An understanding of safety regulations, quality systems and the application of Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS) is essential. The combination of these procedures, systems and regulations gives an appreciation of how to run an efficient, effective and safe laboratory. This unit is crucial in underpinning the training of science laboratory technicians. The unit starts by exploring the essential procedures and practices found in all laboratories. This is supported by an investigation of specialist laboratories. They are examined on their different individual requirements in terms of efficiency, effectiveness and safety. Learners will also gain an appreciation of how scientific data and records are kept in a modern laboratory information system. Finally, the unit provides essential insight into how laboratories are organised today in the light of up-to-date safe working practices and safety regulations. This unit enables learners to consider what it is like to work in the science industry. Whilst aimed at science technicians/junior practitioner level, it is suitable for all learners who are interested in a career in science.